ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a peculiar neurodevelopmental disorder which affects a child’s well-being regarding schooling and forming social relationships. “Children with this condition have less voluntary control over their attention, their level of activity, and how quickly they make decisions, so parents can become frustrated, impatient, and demoralized,” says Richard Gallagher, PhD. This neurological syndrome is highly genetic which affects the regulation of a particular set of brain functions relating to behavioral control. People may notice subtle to visible traits which may indicate its manifestation in a family member.
There is a high expectancy for individual symptoms of ADHD visible in a child. It usually appears during teenage years with an average diagnosis of seven years old. Some older children who exhibit ADHD symptoms show complex symptom in earlier years in life. As such, doctors need to evaluate the child using particular criteria during the diagnosis of the condition.
Causes of ADHD
- ADHD is not a manifestation or effect of a head concussion, traumatic life event, poor parenting, excess sugar, television, video games, or the lack of physical activity. Instead, it is a hereditary disorder which is the result of the following:
- Structural Issues – Brain scans of adults with ADHD show significant reduction of mental activity. These include essential areas responsible for attention capacity and motor activity.
- Chemical Issues – There are disruptions in the functions of serotonin levels which affect the regulation of the dopamine system where it changes behavioral patterns. It creates a difference in the pathway of dopamine activity which relates to reward and consequence decision-making in individuals with ADHD.
- Brain Communication Issues – Brains of individuals with ADHD communicates differently compared to those with neurotypical brains. The dysfunction in DMN (default mode network) changes the performance and effort of a person in his activities.
Who Has ADHD
ADHD occurs regardless of gender, and it usually persists throughout an individual’s lifetime. There is no cure for ADHD due to its neurobehavioral origins. That’s the reason why the majority of individuals do not outgrow this condition. Two-thirds of children with ADHD require treatment because of its severe symptoms continuing in adulthood. And since every individual possesses a unique brain profile, it indicates that no two people with ADHD have the exact experiences and symptoms.
Individuals with ADHD may show the following symptoms:
- Unusual Selfishness – Individuals with ADHD tend to put their needs and desires first regardless of the circumstance. They have no to little ability to recognize other individual’s needs and wants.
- Inability to Control Emotions – There’s a difficulty in controlling the emotions during most circumstances for ADHD patients. To some extent, they may have an anger outburst in inappropriate situations.
- Interrupting Others – It is a self-focused behavior of children with ADHD. They like to intervene in activities out of their social limitations. These include partaking in conversations and games of strangers.
- Lack of Focus – People with ADHD have trouble paying attention to a task at hand. As a result, it ends up in with learning problems, ineffective coaching, and having numerous tasks left unfinished.
- Organizing Problems – Due to lack of focus, they have trouble in keeping tasks and activities in track.
- Avoiding Long Arduous Tasks – Activities using extensive mental effort are shunned by most children with ADHD such as paying attention in class or doing homework.
- Fidgetiness – Children with ADHD are unable to stand still. They can’t play quietly and may run around excessively. They fail to engage in most activities calmly.
Seeking out medical professionals such as psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychologist who specialize in ADHD is the best way for condition evaluation. “By carefully evaluating all of a child’s behaviors and emotional symptoms, a child psychiatrist can help parents identify the right combination of interventions for the complexity of the behaviors,” said psychiatrist Steven G. Dickstein, MD. They have the extensive experience needed for ADHD-specific diagnosis and treatment. Primary care physicians can also identify typical signs as well and take measures for mild ADHD symptoms.
Neuropsychological And Psychoeducational Process
Neuropsychological and psychoeducational testing is not a necessary diagnostic procedure, but these have numerous benefits such as specifying the correct therapeutic approach and medicinal recommendations. These procedures can help in profiling the individual’s unique brain identification which is advantageous in learning how to live well after ADHD diagnosis. These include interviewing of individuals with ADHD, the rating of symptoms, observing behaviors via the third party, and obtaining a medical history.
The most effective way for ADHD treatment is the combination of medication and therapy according to the latest research. Using both can cover a more significant number of symptom-related problems while suppressing frequent negative urges.
Medication can help normalize brain activity. It serves in managing brain-based functions while limiting some symptoms. However, a prescription must be done carefully and must be under monitor by a physician or psychiatrist. “When you find the right medicine, you can experience substantial improvements in ADHD symptoms,” says Russell A. Barkley, Ph.D.
As of now, cognitive behavioral therapy is the most effective therapeutic intervention. It has more promising results if combined with dialectical behavioral therapy. It is because both of these therapies focus on the identification of barriers adaptive to coping behaviors.
Learning about ADHD is the best way to discover symptoms as early as possible. Finding the most appropriate treatment options available is beneficial. Though the condition is incurable, there are ways to determine the best course of action necessary for patients.